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Starting a Career in Cloud Computing: Everything You Need To Know

Start a career in cloud computing

Introduction

The impact of cloud computing to the tech industry and end users cannot be overstated: various aspects of everyday life have been greatly transformed by the existence of an application that runs on cloud networks. By leveraging on cloud computing, businesses are able to optimize costs while increasing their offerings without the need to acquire and manage all the hardware and software on site.

Thanks to cloud computing, businesses (regardless of size or budget) can share and analyze data at scales that were once only within the reach of high-budget projects. And day-to-day Internet users can quickly and effectively access tools to create, share and store data in quantities that far exceed the capacity of their personal devices.

How Does Cloud Computing Work?

Cloud computing is a decentralized software infrastructure that stores data securely in remote servers. The data stored in the cloud can be accessed through the internet.

As an application-based software, cloud computing requires hosting services usually provided by a hosting company. These companies are responsible for maintaining data centers that provide storage, security, and computing power needed to maintain the massive data transferred to the cloud.

Cloud computing can be divided into two parts: front end and back end.

  • Front end: This allows users to access information kept in the cloud via cloud computing software or a web browser.
  • Back end: This is the main component of cloud computing. The back end comprises servers, databases, central servers, computers that store data and information in the cloud.

The central server follows a specific set of protocols to facilitate cloud operations. It utilizes software and middleware to connect devices linked through cloud computing seamlessly. Typically, cloud computing companies must have multiple copies of data to prevent security breaches or data loss incidents.

How Cloud Computing Benefits a Business

From advanced security to efficient performance and cost savings, there are many ways businesses can benefit from cloud computing.

Cost-Effectiveness

Third-party companies usually provide cloud computing services. These companies manage the hosting, maintenance, and overall management of data centers and servers.

Businesses that enlist the services of these companies are spared the financial burden of managing their on-site servers and infrastructure. These companies only pay for cloud services they need, ultimately cutting down on costs.

Advanced Security

Security is a crucial aspect of cloud computing solutions. The level of security offered by third-party cloud services providers is usually more advanced than a traditional in-house infrastructure a business would typically use. The data stored in such managed data centers are encrypted, meaning they can travel across multiple cloud networks yet remain inaccessible to unauthorized individuals.

Efficient performance

Cloud computing brings business agility by accelerating application performance, reducing downtime, and improving efficiency and productivity.

Disaster Recovery

Every business needs a disaster recovery plan to mitigate downtime and critical data loss. However, traditional disaster recovery solutions tend to be costly and time-consuming. Cloud computing data recovery solutions are more straightforward and cost-effective. They also mirror stored data across different cloud networks. If the primary server fails, a company can access data stored in backup servers and continue operations.

Examples Of Cloud Computing 

There are four different types of cloud computing, namely:

  • Private clouds
  • Public clouds
  • Hybrid clouds
  • Multi-cloud

Cloud computing is also offered as three different services including:

  • Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
  • Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS)

Different businesses prefer to work with varying types of cloud computing. No cloud computing options are the same, and two cloud services cannot solve the same problem. Here are the four types of clouds and their differences and similarities.

Public clouds

Public clouds are cloud networks created from third-party infrastructures. They’re not owned by the end-user but can be accessed by multiple tenants.  They’re mainly run and managed off-premises. Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Alibaba Cloud, Google Cloud, and IBM Cloud are a few examples of the largest known public cloud service providers.

Private clouds

Private clouds are the opposite of public clouds. They’re usually created for a single end-user or a group of private users. The private cloud environment typically runs on the end user’s firewall.

Traditionally, the designated private cloud end user would access it within their on-premise IT infrastructure. But that’s no longer the case as companies are now building their private clouds on third-party data centers. This means location ownership is no longer a private cloud factor.  This development has seen the rise of new private cloud subtypes, including:

  • Managed private clouds: With managed private clouds, companies with limited IT staff can create and utilize a private cloud managed and deployed by a third-party vendor.
  • Dedicated clouds: Dedicated clouds are clouds within a cloud. You can create and use a dedicated cloud on a private or public cloud. For example, a company’s procurement department may have its dedicated cloud within its private cloud infrastructure.

Hybrid clouds

A hybrid cloud is essentially a single IT network created on several networks that connect through the following:

  • Local area networks (LANs)
  • Wide area networks (WANs)
  • Virtual private networks (VPNs)

The requirements for hybrid clouds differ significantly from other types of clouds. A hybrid cloud may require at least one private or public cloud and a virtual environment that connects to at least one of these two clouds. Hybrid cloud environments should be managed using an integrated management platform.

MultiClouds

Multi-cloud comprises multiple cloud services from several cloud vendors. Yes, you guessed right: hybrid clouds fall within the category of multi-clouds. Multi-clouds are not hybrid clouds not unless they’re connected by an integration or orchestration platform.

Multi-clouds can be used as redundant or alternative storage environments for advanced disaster recovery. They help enhance security and performance through an extended portfolio of cloud environments.

Is a career in cloud computing worth giving a shot?

With more and more businesses integrating cloud technology into their operations, there is no doubt that starting a career in cloud computing is a smart move. The opportunities are endless, and constantly evolving across industries.

Here are some of the skills you need to pursue a career in cloud computing:

  • Knowledge of relevant programming languages like Python, SQL, JavaScript, etc.
  • Expertise in cloud platforms like Azure, AWS and Google Cloud Platform
  • Database and data handling skills
  • Project management skills
  • Excellent oral and written communication skills
  • The desire to take on new challenges

Reasons you should consider a career in cloud computing

High Demand For Cloud Computing Talent

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, there’s an increasing demand for qualified IT and computer professionals. An estimated 531,200 new job openings are expected to be created between 2019 and 2029 at an 11% growth rate.

A cloud computing course can now prepare you for an in-demand role in this fast-growing industry.

Opportunity To Work In A Booming Industry

Cloud computing is the most widely discussed discipline within the IT industry. According to a 2021 cloud prediction report by Forrester Research, cloud computing will be essential in helping organizations bounce back from the pandemic.

Most companies depended on cloud solutions, including apps, to manage remote work. This saw widespread adoption of cloud solutions, with the cloud infrastructure market expected to grow by over 35% in 2022.

Consulting firm McKinsey & Company reported that as of 2020, more than 60% of industrial enterprises had adopted cloud solutions. The number is expected to increase as businesses adopt new methods of improving operations and productivity in a post-COVID economy.

Diversified Roles

One good thing about working as a cloud computing expert is that you can take on multiple roles within the same department. For example, you can assume the role of a cloud architect, software engineer, cloud security professional, cloud administrator, or development and operations professional.

Unlimited Opportunities For Future Growth

Cloud computing is still a new discipline within the IT industry. This means it has untapped potential for new leaders and innovators to exploit.

Pursuing a career in cloud computing presents you with unlimited opportunities to move through the ranks within your current company or pursue higher roles in established organizations.

What careers are there in cloud computing?

Cloud Engineer

This is a beginner-friendly role that basically focuses on cloud-based software engineering. As a cloud engineer, you will mostly write codes, write and test new features, ship codes for deployment, build web and mobile applications as well as APIs. As a cloud engineer, you will also be involved in the day-to-day maintenance of ongoing software projects.

Technical skills you need to be a cloud engineer include:

  • Front-end skills such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Python, Ruby and Node.js
  • Back-end skills such as Ruby, Python, Node.js and Golang
  • Database management skills (both Relational and NoSQL)
  • Basic software deployment skills
  • Servers, Linux internals and cloud application development

How much do cloud engineers earn?

According to SimplyHired, the average salary of a cloud engineer is $117,380.

Online cloud engineer courses

1. Cloud Computing for Everyone by DataCamp

2. AWS Cloud Concepts

3. Introduction to Cloud Computing

Data Engineer

Data Engineers are, without a doubt, the getaway to business insights. As a data engineer, you will be responsible for building the data architecture that collects and stores data as well as the analysis tools that end users to have a better understanding of the business.

Data engineering can also be a getaway to data science for professionals from software engineering backgrounds.

Technical skills you need to for data engineering

You will generally need to master the following database skills:

  • Programming skills for communicating with different software and database systems such as Python, JavaScript and Java
  • Hadoop, Storm, Spark or Kafka
  • Data warehousing analysis tools
  • Infrastructure engineering

What is the salary of a data engineer?

The average salary of a data engineer is $124,465

Top online data engineer courses

  1. Introduction to Data Engineering
  2. AWS Cloud Concepts
  3. Data Engineer Nanodegree
  4. Data Scientist Nanodegree
  5. Data Streaming Nanodegree
  6. Data Analysis

System Administrator

Here come the behind-the-scene heroes in organizations. As a system administrator, you will be working behind the scenes to detect and prevent potential IT disasters, ensuring that the organization’s IT infrastructure is in perfect shape.

Technical skills you need for the System Administrator role

The technical skills required to be a System Administrator are not quite taught in an undergraduate computer science course. However, you can acquire these skills from network-designed courses and external certifications. Here are some of the skills you need to be a System Administrator:

  • Sound understanding of the different operating systems
  • Containers
  • Virtualizations
  • Configuration management

What is the average salary of a System Administrator?

System Administrators can expect to earn $80,890.

Top online System Administrator courses

  1. Database Systems Concepts and Design
  2. Configuring Linux Web Servers
  3. Introduction to Cloud Infrastructure Technologies 
  4. Introduction to Linux System Administration with IBM Power Systems

  5. Introduction to Linux

DevOps Engineer

DevOps is a software development strategy that bridges the gap between the organization’s IT team and the engineers. DevOps Engineers understand software lifecycles as well as different automation tools necessary for the development of CI/CD pipelines.

Technical skills you need to be a DevOps Engineer include:

  • Applicable programming languages such as Python, Ruby, Golang or Node.js
  • Capacity planning
  • Linux shell scripting
  • Container orchestration

What is the average salary of a DevOps Engineer?

The average salary of a DevOps Engineer is $115,940

Top online certifications for DevOps Engineers

  1. Introduction to DevOps
  2. Udacity Cloud DevOps Nanodegree
  3. Become an AWS Cloud DevOps Nanodegree
  4. DevOps: Foundations and Tools
  5. Full Stack Cloud Developer
  6. DevOps on AWS: Code, Build and Test

Cloud Architect

A Cloud Architect is responsible for driving the cloud transformation and is responsible for making decisions that involve the cloud systems architecture.

Technical skills you need for a Cloud Architect role include the following:

  • Software engineering – Programming, database design and testing skills
  • Sound understanding of cloud infrastructure (Azure, AWS or GCP)
  • Strong business acumen for sound decision making
  • Tech management

What is the average salary of a Cloud Architect?

The average salary of a Cloud Architect is $136,990.

Top online Cloud Architect courses

  1. Cloud Architect Using Microsoft Azure Nanodegree
  2. Introduction to AWS Cloud Architect Nanodegree
  3. Cloud Computing Security
  4. DevOps, Cloud, and Agile Foundations
  5. Cloud-Native Foundations
  6. Full Stack Cloud Application Development

Conclusion: Is a career in cloud computing worth it?

Cloud computing is the cornerstone of modern technological solutions. Organizations, large and small, are increasing adopting cloud computing solutions to boost their agility and remain competitive The result, the demand for cloud solutions is driving the demand for cloud professionals who can design, develop and support core cloud solutions. By taking up a career in cloud computing, you will be playing an integral role in helping businesses transform their technology while embarking on a life-long journey of learning and mastering concepts that will remain in demand for decades to come.

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More Cloud Computing Courses

 

Preparing for the Google Cloud Professional Cloud Architect Exam
Mitigating Security Vulnerabilities on Google Cloud
Developing Cloud Native Applications
Preparing for the Google Cloud Professional Data Engineer Exam
Google Cloud Fundamentals: Core Infrastructure

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